Top 64 Novels in World

[Below this Top 64 Novels The Top 64 Critical Works and list 64 Big Books on podcasts by Raymond L. Williams]


1. Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert 
2. In Search of Lost Time (A la Recherche du Temps Perdu) by Marcel Proust 
3. The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner
4. One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel García Márquez 
5. Ulysses by James Joyce 
6. Pedro Páramo by Juan Rulfo 
7. Gravity"s Rainbow by Thomas Pynchon 
8. Conversation in The Cathedral by Mario Vargas Llosa 
9. Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoievski 
10. Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes 
11. Nineteen-Eighty-Four by George Orwell 
12. For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway 
13. Paradiso by José Lezama Lima 
14. Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury 
15. Ficciones by Borges (stories) 
16. The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka 

17. Rayuela (Hopscotch) by Julio Cortázar 
18. War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy (transcribed as Tolstoi in Spanish) 
19. 2666 by Roberto Bolaño 
20. The Catcher in the Rye by JD Salinger 
21. Terra Nostra by Carlos Fuentes 
22. Catch 22, Joseph Heller 
23. The Autumn of the Patriarch by Gabriel García Márquez 
24. Beloved, Toni Morrison 
25. The Death of Artemio Cruz by Carlos Fuentes 
26. Slaughterhouse 5 by Kurt Vonnegut 
27. La casa verde (The Green House) by Mario Vargas Llosa 
28. The Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison 
29. Los ejercitos, (The Armies) Evelio Rosero 
30. Tristam Shandy by Lawrence Stern 
31. On the Road by Jack Kerouac 
32. Manhattan Transfer by John dos Passos. 
33. Nadie me vera llorar (No One Will See me Cry) by Cristina Rivera Garza 
34. Infinite Jest by David Foster Wallace
35. The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoievski
37. El senor Presidente by Miguel Angel Asturias
38. Lolita, Naboakov
39.  Rosario Tijeras by  Jorge Franco
40. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee. 
41. Metatron by Philip Potdevin 
42. The Color Purple by Alice Walker 
43. La cresta de Ilión by Cristina Rivera Garza. (Urgently needs translation; this book is hard, but so are most of these books.) 
44. La famiia de Pascual Duarte by Camilo José Cela (One of those books everyone reads in Spanish, hardly anyone talks about.)
45. Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf (Huge world impact.)
46. Veronica Resucitada, Carlos Orlando Pardo

47. Under the Volcano by Malcom Lowry
Pale Fire by Vladimir Nabokov

49. The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald (Probably overrated, but we will include in first round.)
50. Berlin Alexanderplatz by Alfred Doblin (Would be called “total novel” in Latin America.)
51. The Reef by Juan Villoro (Mexico’s number one public intellectual.)
52. The Naked Lunch by William Burroughs
The Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad
Season of Anomy by Akinwándé Oluwolé Babátúndé Soyinka (Wolé Soyinka)
Noticias del imperio (News from the Empire) by Fernando del Paso (The other great writer in Mexico of Fuentes’s generation)
56. Wild Sargasso Sea by Jean Rhys (A Caribbean classic.)
57. Midnight’s Children by Salman Rushdie (Better novel than the famous one.)
58. Tres tristes tigres (Three Trapped Tigers) by Guillermo Cabrera Infante (Not really translatable, but Susan Jill Levine did masterful job in rewriting.)
59. Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe
60. Hear the Wind Sing by Haruki 
Murakami (Inspired by baseball game) 61. Estación Tula (Tula Station) by David Toscana (The best unknown writer in Mexico)
62. Tom Jones by Henry Fielding
63. El jardin de las Weisman by Jorge Eliécer Pardo (Urgently needs translation)
64. Santo Oficio de la memoria by Mempo Giardinelli

(To be updated March 2019; On the Bubble: Rikki Ducornet; more Vargas Llosa; Leopoldo Padura; Antonio Skármeta; Donald Barthelme; Severo Sarduy; Héctor Abad Faciolince; jMore Jorge Franco; Mario Mendoza; more of Maryse Condé.) 
(Continued; will be completed by the end of March 2019.)

[On the Bubble: Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain; Moby Dick by Melville I’ve got my eyes on you; Mary Higgins Clark]

Top 64 Critical Works


The Top 64 Critical Works on Latin American Literature and Culture: Recommended Readings

This list is the product of four decades of reading and writing around subjects dealt with in these books on the general subject of Latin American literature and culture. (Note: we also offer a list dealing specifically with the Latin American novel.) These are the ones we have found to be the most illuminating and useful. Most were, in their time, in some way “cutting edge,” and have had a lasting impact on how we read Latin American literature. Our credentials and prejudices listed at end, below the section titled “On the Bubble” . We recognize important contributions have been made—many of them—beyond these lists/rankings.

1. Jean Franco, Critical Passions, edited by Mary Louise Pratt and Kathleen Newman (1999)

2. Doris Sommer, Foundational Fictions (1992)

3. Roberto González Echevarría, Myth and Archive: A Theory of Latin American Narrative (1990)

4. Angel Rama, Transculturación narrativa en América Latina (1982)

5. Walter Mignolo, The Darker Side of the Renaissance: Literacy, Territoritorality, and Colonization (1995)

6. Saúl Yurkievich, Suma crítica (1997)

7. Elzbieta Sklodowska , El testimonio hispanoamericano: historia, teoría práctica (1993)

8. Lucille Kerr, Suspended Fictions: Reading Novels by Manuel Puig (1987).

9. Aníbal González, La novela modernista hispanoamericana (1989)

10. John S. Brushwood, The Spanish-American Novel: A Twentieth-Century Survey (1975)

11. Giuseppe Bellini, Historia de la literatura hispanoamericana (1985)

12. Gerald Martin, Journeys through the Labyrinth: Latin American Fiction in the Twentieth Century (1989)

13. Antonio Candido, Literatura e sociedade (1980).

14. Cedomil Goic, Historia de la novela hispanoamericana (1972)

15. David W. Foster, Gay and Lesbian Themes in Latin American Writing (1991)

16. Noé Jitrik, La vibración del presente (1987). 

17. Joseph Sommers, After the Storm: Landmarks of the Modern Mexican Novel (1968)

18. Lucille Kerr, Reclaiming the Author: Figures and Fictions from Spanish America (1992)

19. Cristina Rivera Garza, Había mucha neblina o humo o no sé qué: caminar con Juan Rulfo (2017)

20. Alicia Borinsky, Theoretical Fables (1993)

21. Francine Masiello, The Art of Transition: Latin American Culture and Neoliberal Crisis (2001)

22. Suzanne Jill Levine, Manuel Puig and the Spider Woman: his Life and Fictions (2001)

23. Rolena Adorno, Guaman Poma: Writing and Resistance in Colonial Peru (1986)

24. Héctor Hoyos, Beyond Bolaño: the Global Latin American Novel  (2015)

25. Carlos Alonso, The Spanish American Regional Novel: Modernity and Autochtony (1989)

26. Nelly Richard, La estratificación de los márgenes (1989)

27. Sara Castro Klarén, The Narrow Pass of Our Nerves: Writing, Coloniality, and Postcolonial Theory (2011)

28. Isabel Alvarez Borland, Cuban-American Literature of Exile (1998).

29. Ericka Bechman, Captital Fictions: the Literature of Latin America’s Export Age (2013)

30. Néstor García Canclini, Hybrid Cultures: Strategies for Entering and Leaving Modernity (1995)

31. Enrico Mario Santí, Ciphers of History: Latin American Readings for a Cultural Age (2006)

32. J. Michael Dash. The Other America: Caribbean Literature in a New World Context (1998)

33. Carlos Fuentes, La nueva novela hispanoamericana, 1970.

34. David W. Foster, Chicano/Latino Homoerotic Identities (1999)

35. Naomi Lindstrom, The Social Conscience of Latin American Writing (1993)

36. Raymond D. Souza, La historia en la novela hispanoamericana moderna (1988)

37.  Jean Franco, Plotting Women: Gender and Representation in Mexico (1989)

38. Ariel Dorfman, Imaginación y violencia en América Latina (1970). 

39. Gustavo Perez Firmat, The Cuban Condition (1989)

40. Roberto González Echevarría, The Voice of the Masters: Writing and Authority in Modern Latin American Literature (1986)

41. Angel Rama, La ciudad letrada (1984)

42.  Elzbieta Sklodowska, Todo ojos, todo oídos: control e insobordinación en la novela hispanoamericana (1895-1935). (1997)

43. Walter Mignolo, Local histories, global designs (2000)

44. Emir Rodríguez Monegal, El arte de narrar (1968) 

45. Naomi Lindrstrom, Twentieth-Century Spanish-American Fiction (1994)

46. Aníbal González, Killer Books: Writing, Violence and Ethics in Modern Spanish American Narrative (2001)

47. Carlos Alonso, The Burden of Modernity: the Rhetoric of Cultural Discourse in Spanish America (1998)

48. Michael Palencia Roth, The Narrow Bridge(2000, with Isaac Neuman)

49. Doris Sommer, Proceed with Caution when engaged by minority writing (1999)

50. Djelal Kadir, Questing Fictions: Latin America’s Family Romance (1986)

51. Julio Ortega, La contemplación y la fiesta (1969).

52. Rafael Gutiérrez Girardot, Modernismo (1983)

53. Enrique Anderson Imbert, Historia de la literatura hispanoamericana, Two Volumes (1970)

54. 33. John S. Brushwood, Mexico in Its Novel (1968)

55. Bosi, Alfredo. História concisa da literatura brasileira (1979).

56. 33. Ivan Shulman. Narrando la nacion moderna (1995).

57. Catherine Jrade, Modernismo, Modernity and the development of Spanish American Literature (2005)

58. Donald Shaw, Nueva narrativa hispanoamericana (1981). 

59. 33. Jonathan Tittler, Narrative Irony in the Contemporary Spanish American Novel (1984)

60. Sharon Magnarelli, The Lost Rib: Female Characters in the Spanish-American Novel (1987)

61. René de Costa, The Poetry of Pablo Neruda (1979)

62. David W. Foster, Mexico City in Contemporary Mexican Cinema (2002)

63. Luis Harss, Los nuestros (1968)

64. Angel Rama, La novela latinoamericana: panoramas, 1920-1980 (1982)

On the Bubble (see also list of books specifically on Latin American novel)

Donald Shaw, Nueva narrativa hispanoamericana: Boom, posboom, posmodernismo (1999)

Sara Poot Herrera, Un giro en espiral: el proyecto literario de Juan José Arreola (1992); Hernán Vidal;  José Miguel Oviedo, Mario Vargas Lllosa: la invención de una realidad (1970); Fernando Alegría, Historia de la novela hispanoamericana; Jorge Ruffinelli, La escritura invisible(1986); Guillermo García Corales; Amarilis Hidalgo de Jesús; Arturo Torres Rioseco;  Antonio Curcio Altamar, Evolución de la novela en Colombia (1954)

Our credentials and prejudices in the form of books:

1. Raymond L. Williams, The Colombian Novel, 1844-1987. (Novela y poder en Colombia)

2. Raymond L. Williams, The Twentieth Century Spanish American Novel:

3. Raymond L. Williams, The Writings of Carlos Fuentes

4. Raymond L. Williams, The Postmodern Novel in Latin America

5. Raymond L. Williams, Mario Vargas Llosa: A Life in Writing

6. Raymond L. Williams and José Manuel Medrano, 90 años de la novela moderna en Colombia: de Fuenmayor and Potdevin

Top 64 Latin American & Caribbean Novelists of Twentieth Century


Top 64 Latin American & Caribbean Novelists of Twentieth Century. (Some writers born since 1950 will be ranked higher in 21st Century; includes novels written in Spanish, French, Portuguese, English and Dutch). 


64. Leonardo Padura (Cuba, 1955)

63. Luis Arturo Ramos (Mexico, 1947)

62. Memo Giardinelli (Argentina, 1947)

61. Jorge Eliécer Pardo (Colombia, 1950)

60. Augusto Roa Bastos (Paraguay, 1917-2005)

59. Héctor Abad Faciolince (Colombia, 1958)

58. Edouard Glissant (Caribbean, 1928-2011)

57. Héctor Sánchez (Colombia)

56. Rodrigo Fresán (Argentina, 1963)

55. Philip Potdevin Colombia, 1958)

54. David Toscana (Mexico, 1961)

53. Carlos Heitor Cony (Brazil, 1926-2018)

52. Roberto Arlt (Argentina, 1900-1942)

51. Jacques Stephen Alexis (Haiti, 1922-)

50. Álvaro Cepeda Samudio (Colombia)

49. Clarice Lispector (Brazil)

48. Juan Carlos Onetti (Uruguay)

47. Salvador Garmendia (Venezuela)

46. Manuel Mejia Valllejo (Colombia)

45. Eduardo Mallea (Argentina)

44. Manuel Rojas (Chile)

43. Hector Rojas Herazo (Colombia) 


(This list has been a work-in-progress for several years. We will give you at least one more writer per month, but look forward to hearing from Sweden--those dudes in academic robes in Stockholm who announce large bills for a writer in early October each year. Then we promise to finalize our empirical analysis and share with you the Top 64 promptly by March 31, 2019. The truth is, there is very strong argument for 95 novelists to be on this list of 64.)

Top 64 Latin American & Caribbean Novelists of 21st century


Top 64 Latin-American Novelists of the Twenty-First Century: “ the Williams/Medrano 64” 

Based on several years of study, several books written on the subject, and the reaction of college students in recent years, we recommend that all editors, translators and those otherwise involved in the literature industry seriously consider translating all of the books by all of these 64 writers in Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese and German. Some of these writers have been partially translated into English, French, Italian or German. 

(Alphabetical Order, limited novelists born since 1950, whose major work is in 21st Century; major novelists born before 1950 whose major work is in 20th century, such as Elena Poniatowska, to be found on the twentieth-century list; these 64 novelists born since 1950 are the current and the next Boom of the Latin American novel; these are the grandchildren of Borges)


Our recommended novel for June/July is: El niño que fuimos by Alma Delia Murillo (1979)

Please cite as “Williams/Medrano 64”:


1. Abad Faciolince, Héctor (Colombia, 1958)

2. Alemán, Gabriela (Ecuador, 1968)

3. Andrade, Jairo (Colombia, 1979)

4. Blum, Liliana (Mexico) 

5. Boullosa, Carmen (Mexico, 1954)

6. Bolaño, Roberto (Chile, 1953)

7. Cárdenas, Juan (Colombia, 1978)

8. Carvahlo, Bernardo (Brazil, 1964)

9. Chimal, Alberto (Mexico, 1974)

10. Coelho, Oliverio (Argentina, 1977)

11. Danticat, Edwidge (Haiti/USA, 1969)

12. Díaz, Junot (Dominican Republic/USA, 1968)

13. Escobar Giraldo, Octavio (Colombia, 1958)

14. Franco, Jorge (Colombia)

15. Fresán, Rodrigo (Argentina)

16. Galera, Daniel (Brazil, 1979)

17. Gamboa, Santiago (Colombia)

18. Gerber, Veronica (Mexico, 1981)

19. Guerra, Wendy (Cuba)

20. Hatoum, Milton (Brazil)

21. Herrera, Yuri (Mexico)

22.  Jufresa, Laia (Mexico, 1983)

23. Labbé, Carlos (Chile, 1977)

24. Lisboa, Adriana (Brazil, 1970)

25. Lomelí, Luis Felipe (Mexico, 1975)

26. Lozano, Brenda (Mexico, 1981)

27. Luiselli, Valeria (Mexico, 1983)

28. Mairal, Pedro (Argentina, 1970)

29. Mélo, Patricia (Brazil)

30. Mendoza, Elmer (Mexico)

31. Mendoza, Mario (Colombia)

32. Monge, Emiliano (Mexico, 1978)

33. Montoya, Pablo (Colombia, 1958))

34. Mussa, Alberrto (Brazil, 1961)

35. Nettel, Guadalupe (México, 1973)

36. Neumann, Andrés (Argentina, 1977)

37. Ortuño, Antonio (México, 1976) 

38. Ospina, William (Colombia, 1954)

39. Padura, Leonardo (Cuba, 1955)

40. Palou, Pedro Angel (Mexico, 1966)

41. Pardo, Jorge Eliécer (Colombia, 1950) 

42. Pardo Viña, Carlos (Colombia, 1970)

43. Paz Soldán, Edmundo (Bolivia)

44. Potdevin, Philip (Colombia, 1958)

45. Prata, Mário (Brazil)

46. Pron, Patricio (Argentina, 1975)

47. Ramos Revillas, Antonio (Mexico, 1977)

48. Rey Rosa, Rodrigo (Guatemala, 1958)

49. Rivera Garza, Cristina (México, 1964)

50. Roncagliano, Santiago (Perú, 1975)

51. Ruffato, Luiz (Brazil, 1961)

52. Ruiz Sosa, Eduardo (Mexico, 1983)

53. Saldaña Paris, Daniel (Mexico, 1984)

54. Sánchez Echenique, Ximena (Mexico, 1979)

55. Schweblin, Samanta (Argentina, 1978)

56. Shúa, Ana María (Argentina, 1951)

57. Solano, Andrés Felipe (Colombia, 1977)

58. Tezza, Cristovão (Brazil, 1952)

59. Toscana, Daniel (México, 1961)

60. Vaquera-Vásquez, Santiago (USA/Mexico)

61. Vásquez, Juan Gabriel (Colombia, 1973))

62. Velázquez, Carlos Manuel (Mexico, 1978)

63. Villafuerte, Nadia (Mexico, 1978)

64. Villoro, Juan (México, 1956)

On the Bubble: (before 1950): Elena Poniatowska (Mexico, 20th C); Carlos Orlando Pardo (Colombia, 20th C.); Moacir Schliar (Brazilian, 1937-2011, 20th C); Sánchez, Luis Rafael (Puerto Rico, 20th C); João Ubaldo Ribeiro (1941-2014); Chico Buarque (Brazil); Fomseca, Rubem (Brazil); Ramirez, Sergio (Nicaragua); Peri Rossi, Cristina (Uruguay); Piglia, Ricardo (Argentina);Piñon, Nélida (Brazil); Roemer, Astrid (Surinam); Ramos, Luis Arturo (Mexico); Sant’Anna, Sérgio (Brazil, 1941); Condé, Maryse (Guadeloupe); Giardinelli, Mempo (Argentina, 1947); García Márquez, Gabriel (Colombia, 1927-2014); Jaramillo, Darío (Colombia, 1947); Noll, Gilberto (Brazil, 1947); Glissant, Edouard (French Caribbean); Vargas Llosa, Mario (Perú, 1937); Eltit, Diamela (Chile, 1949); Fuentes, Carlos (Mexico); (since 1950): Juan Pablo Anaya (Mexico); Gerardo Arana (Mexico); Pergentino José (Mexico); Fernanda Melchor (Mexico);  Efraím Medina Reyes (Colombia); Volpi, Jorge (Mexico, 1968); Cabral, Nicolás (Mexico/Argentina, 1975); Raquel Castro (Mexico, 1976)

[to be updated March 2019]

64 SELECTED BIG BOOKS:  PODCASTS by Distinguished Emeritus Professor Raymond L. Williams These podcasts on really almost everything important will  include a resume of the book, explanation of why it is among these select "big books" and commentary.  Readings of brief sections of each book.   

1. One Hundred Years of Solitude, a novel  by Colombian  Nobel Laureate Gabriel Garcia Marquez. A fun novel, but our commentary will make it more than fun. [Podcast available beginning Sept 3, 2018]

2. Atlas of a Lost World: Travels in Ice Age America, an essay by Craig Childs. (Podcast Available beginning Sept 10, 2018) A non-academic studies academic research and shares a travel journal through Paleolithic North America. 

3. Pedro Paramo, a novel by Mexican novelist Juan Rulfo (Available beginning Sept 17, 2018)

4. Zen and the Art of Bicycle Maintenance: An Inquiry into Values , an essay by American writer Robert Pirsig (Available Sept 24, 2018). An almost-academic type serious thinking that revealed to a lot of lesser thinkers (and editors) that a market exists for self-help type books, producing a lot of cliched trivia in the book industry since then.

5. Conversation in The Cathedral, a novel by Peruvian Nobel Laureate Mario Vargas Llosa. A really big novel dedicated first and foremost to how Peru fucked up (sic).(Available October 1, 2018). 

6. Thinking Body, Dancing Mind: Taosports, an essay by Chungliang Al Hang and Jerry Lynch. This is not a self-help book.But it can change your body and your mind. (Available October 8, 2018)

7. Ficciones, short fictions by Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges. The biggest book of those discussed so far. (Available October 15, 2018)

8. The Colombian Novel, 1844-1987, a history of the Colombian novel by Distinguished Emeritus Professor Raymond L. Williams. Right in there with soccer, salsa and poetry as something really important in Colombia. (October 22, 2018)

9. Terra Nostra, a really big novel by Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes. (October 29, 2018)

10. Neanderthin, an essay by Ray Audette. This is not a diet book. Information and commentary on our Neanderthal, Paleolithic past. (November 5, 2018)

11. The Green House, a novel by Nobel Laureate Mario Vargas Llosa (Nov 12, 2018)

12. The World of Caffeine, a history by Alan Weinberg and Bonnie K. Bealer. The most researched subject of academics is not Shakespeare, Cervantes, stem cells or cultural studies: it is actually coffee (Nov 19, 2018)

13.The Metamorphosis by  the grandfather (along with Borges) of modern Latin American literature, the Swiss writer Franz Kafka (No26) 

14. The Hunting Apes: Meat Eating and the Origins of Human Behavior, an essay by the anthropologist Craig B. Stanford.(Dec 3

15. Rayuela (Hopscotch), a novel by the Argentine Julio Cortázar (Dec 10
16. A General Theory of Love , an essay by scientists and shrinks Thomas Lewis (MD), Fan Amini, (MD), Richard Lannon (MD). ].This is not a self-help book.(Dec 17
17. 2666 by, a novel by Chilean Roberto Bolaño. One of the big Latin American novels of 21st century. (Dec 24, 2018)

18, Care of the Soul, an essay by Thomas Moore.(Dec 31, 2018)

19. Nadie me vera llorar [No One Will See me Cry], a novel by Mexico's writer Cristina Rivera Garza. (Jan 7, 2019)

20 Blue Highways, an essay by Willliam Leastheat Moon.  More zen and Pirsig stuff.(Jan 7, 2019)

21. The Twentieth-Century Spanish-American Novel , a history by Distinguished Emeritus Professor Raymond L. Williams (Jan 14, 2019)

22. Balon dividido, an essay on football/soccer by Mexican writer Juan Villoro (Jan 21, 2019)

23. El Senor Presidente, a novel by Guatemalan Nobel Laureate Miguel Angel Asturias (Jan 28, 2019)

24. Fifty Secrets of the World's Longest Living People, an essay by Sally Beare (February 4, 2019)

25. Madame Bovary, a modern French novel from the nineteenth century, written by Gustave Flaubert (February 11, 2019)

26. The Gentle Art of Swedish Death Cleaning, an essay by Swedish author Margaretta Magnusson (February 18, 2019)

27. Aunt Julia and the Script Writer, a novel by Peruvian Nobel Laureate Mario Vargas Llosa (February 25, 2019)

28. Mario Vargas Llosa: A Life in Writing, essay by Distinguished Emeritus Professor Raymond L. Williams (March, 2019

29, The Autumn of the Patriarch , a novel by Nobel Laureate Colombian Gabriel Garcia Marquez (March, 2019)

30, A Companion to Garcia Marquez, an essay by Distinguished Emeritus Professor Raymond L. Williams (March 2019)

31. The Invention of Morel, a novel by Borges's sidekick, the Argentine Adolfo Bioy Casares (March, 2019)

32. Managing the Big Picture in Colleges and Universities, an essay by Richard L. Alfred. Not really a big book, but will lead this podcast to some big subjects. (April 2019)

33. The Death of Artemio Cruz, a novel by Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes. (April 2019)

34. The Writing of Carlos Fuentes, an essay by Distinguished Emeritus Professor Raymond L. Williams.  Sharing a lifetime of rereading Fuentes,(April 2019) and five years of conversations with Mexico's most celebrated intellectual figure of the twentieth century. (See my interview on NPR's Morning Edition on Fuentes on  the occassion of his death.)

35. Walkable City, an essay by Jeff Speck. Assessment and proposal for how urban spaces of downtown can save America. (April 2019) 

36. No One Will See Me Cry, a novel by Mexican writer Carlos Fuentes (May 2019)

37. Els Mites Nacionals Catalans, an essay on the myths of the Catalonian region of Spain. (May 2019)

38. Tirant Lo Blanc, a classic medieval novel from Catalonia by Joanot Martorell which, unlike the previous book on this list, you can read in English translation.  We did, however, actually learn to read Catalan primarily to read this book. High on Vargas Llosa's list of admired books. May 2019)

39. Rugby: Skills, Tactics and Rules, an essay that produced not that big of a book in size or importance, but it is a good basis on which to talk about rugby. (May 2019)

40.The Storyteller, a novel by Nobel Laureate Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa. (May 2019)

41. Inverting the Pyramid, a history of soccer tactics by Jonathan Wilson, author of seven books. (Available beginning June 2019) ) Researched like an academic book, but readable and interesting. 

42, Love in the Time of Cholera, a novel by Nobel Laureate Colombian Gabriel Garcia Marquez.(June 2019)

43. Cerrado por futbol, an essay on soccer by Uruguayan novelist Eduardo Galeano. (June 2019).

44. Metatron, a novel by Colombian Philip Potdevin (June 2019)

45The Things They Carried, an essay by Tim O'Brien (July 2019)

46. Memories of My Melancholy Whores, a novel by Gabriel Garcia Marquez (July 2019)

47, Deep Nutrition, an essay by Catherine Shanahan (July 2019)

48. The War of the End of the World, a novel by Nobel Laureate Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa (July 2019)

49. Rebellion in the Backlands, an essay by Brazilian writer Euclides da Cunha (August 2019)

50. Death in the Andes, a novel by Nobel Laureate Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa (August 2019)

51. Mexico 20, New Voices, Old Traditions, a volume edited by DBC Pierre and Cristina Rivera Garza (August 2019)

52. The Shift, an essay by  Russell Carleton (August 2019)

53. Grande Sertao Veredas, a novel by  Brazilian writer Joao Guimaraes Rosa (September, 2019)

54. Making Waves, essays by Nobel Laureate Peruvian Mario Vargas Llosa (September 2019)

55. Carmen Boullosa, Mexican novelist.(September 2019)

56.The Bill James Handbook, a guide by Bill James (September 2019

57. El jardin de las Weismann, a novel by Colombian Jorge Eliecer Pardo (October 2019)

58. Copas del mundos, a guide to the World Cups since 1930 by Bernard Lion (October 2019)

59. Rosario Tijeras, a novel by Jorge Franco (October 2019)

60. The Contemporary Spanish-American Novel: Bolanos and After, an essay by Hector Hoyos.(October 2019)

61. The Reef, a novel by Juan Villoro (November 2019)

62. What's Wrong with US?, an essay by Bruce Arena (November 2019)

63. Y adentro, la cladera, a novel by Philip Potdevin (November 2019)

64. La novela moderna en Colombia, en essay by Raymond L. Williams and Jose Medrano (November 2019)